Gale Encyclopedia of World History: The third emperor, Akbar —instituted the mansabdari system, a type of military administration that ensured order in the huge and diverse empire. From a base in Kabul in modern-day AfghanistanBabur gained control of northern India through a victory at Panipat and the capture of Delhi. Infifteen years into his exile, he regained control of the empire by seizing Delhi, only to die six months later.
History[ edit ] A scene from the Ambala cantonment during the British Raj. Research indicates that the Grand Trunk road predated even Buddha's birth and was called Uttara Path, meaning, road to the North.
Salman Rashid attributes the Road's construction to Chandragupta Maurya. Takshashila was well connected by roads with other parts of the Maurya empire.
The Mauryas had maintained this very ancient highway from Takshashila to Patliputra present-day Patna in India.
Chandragupta Maurya had a whole army of officials overseeing the maintenance of this road as told by the Greek diplomat Megasthenes who spent fifteen years at the Mauryan court.
During his reign, Caravanserais were built and trees were planted along the entire stretch on both sides of the road to provide shade to travelers. Wells were also dug, especially along the Taxila section.
The Mughuls later extended the road further east to Chittagong and west to Kabul and referred to the road as Sarak e Azam Urdu: Over the centuries, the road acted as one of the major trade routes in the region and facilitated both travel and postal communication.
The Grand Trunk Road is still used for transportation in present-day India, where parts of the road have been widened and included in the national highway system, retaining the old name.
Kipling described the road as: It is to me as a river from which I am withdrawn like a log after a flood. And truly the Grand Trunk Road is a wonderful spectacle. It runs straight, bearing without crowding India's traffic for fifteen hundred miles — such a river of life as nowhere else exists in the world.
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