Reading as a psychosocial process

Scientific research involves a systematic process that focuses on being objective and gathering a multitude of information for analysis so that the researcher can come to a conclusion. This process is used in all research and evaluation projects, regardless of the research method scientific method of inquiry, evaluation research, or action research.

Reading as a psychosocial process

Chapter 3 The Process of Listening We said earlier that the first step in listening effectively is to recognize certain fallacies or false notions. The next step is to understand the process. Listening is a complex process—an integral part of the total communication process, albeit a part often ignored.

Reading as a psychosocial process

This neglect results largely from two factors. First, speaking and writing the sending parts of the communication process are highly visible, and are more easily assessed than listening and reading the receiving parts.

And reading behavior is assessed much more frequently than listening behavior; that is, we are more often tested on what we read than on what we hear. And when we are tested on material presented in a lecture, generally the lecture has been supplemented by readings.

Much of this unwillingness results from our incomplete understanding of the process—and understanding the process could help show us how to improve. To understand the listening process, we must first define it. Through the years, numerous definitions of listening have been proposed.

Perhaps the most useful one defines listening as the process of receiving, attending, and understanding auditory messages; that is, messages transmitted through the medium of sound.

Often, the steps of responding and remembering are also included. The process might be diagrammed as shown in figure 1. The process moves through the first three steps—receiving, attending, understanding—in sequence.

For example, it may be desirable for the listener to respond immediately or to remember the message in order to respond at a later time. At times, of course, no response at least no verbal response is required.

And the act of remembering may or may not be necessary. Consider the following analogy between the listening process and the electronic mail E-mail system.

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Suppose that you are the sender of a message and I am the intended recipient. Receiving This step is easily understood. You may send a message to me by E-mail.

It may be wonderfully composed and clear. You may have used effective techniques to organize and support your message.

The subject may be one of great interest to me. Imagine further that I both admire and respect you, and that I like to receive E-mail from you.

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In short, you have done a good job and I want to receive the message. The message remains somewhere between your computer and mine—between sender and receiver.Early childhood development is the key to a full and productive life for a child and to the progress of a nation.

Early childhood is a critical stage of development. Wound healing is typically divided into 4 stages; disruption of any one of these stages can impair this process. This integrative review summarizes findings from key studies suggesting that psychological distress may exert a clinically relevant impact on wound healing.

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All personal information collected and used . Reading requires one to identify and understand strings of words in a fluid manner. It is a detailed process that includes comprehension, word recognition, engagement, and fluency. Preparing Teachers to Teach Reading Effectively. 1 INTRODUCTION reading process, effective instruction, the diversity of the communities they serve, and the expectations of teaching reading as outlined in cognitive, and psychological bases of the reading process; and the.

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Why reading a psychosocial process